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Tufting

 

The term “tufting” comes from English, meaning roughly “decorated with tufts,” and refers to a process of creating three-dimensional textile surfaces. The process originates from old European craftsmanship of embroidering rugs.
 
Tufting is defined as the act of a needle punching through a backing material in the form of a loop. Depending on loop heights, these loops can add texture, dimension, and, if cut, the “cut pile” can add a velvet like appearance to the tufted area.
 
With tufted carpeting, colors and patterns can be applied in various ways; by means of piece dying, spinneret dyeing or printing of the off-white carpets.